“Her figure was slight and graceful, inclining even to fragility but those iron jelloids she had been taking of late had done her a world of good much better than the Widow Welch’s female pills and she was much better of those discharges she used to get and that tired feeling. The waxen pallor of her face was almost spiritual in its ivorylike purity though her rosebud mouth was a genuine Cupid’s bow, Greekly perfect. Her hands were of finely veined alabaster with tapering fingers and as white as lemonjuice and queen of ointments could make them though it was not true that she used to wear kid gloves in bed or take a milk footbath either.”
– Excerpt from “Nausicaa” from Ulysses by James Joyce. Here, as in Moore’s work, we see the fragmentation of the female body — not a polished or censored one, but straightforward and imperfect, even if in Joyce’s case this means the inclusion of that which may be considered to be more private details. We also see the introduction of consumerism as a means by which women may alter their appearances. The main question raised in “Nausicaa” is that of whether or not women can use their appearances as a form of power and influence over men, as objects of the male gaze.